Indian laws, date back from pre-independence days, some even from the 19th century. However, India being primarily not only a federal country but also highly diverse in nature, there are central enactments comprising of common laws applicable either all over India, or those specifically framed for the Union Territories, as well as those from the individual states, to suit their individual needs and customs.
List of Central Enactments.
Apart from the central laws, there is a plethora of laws enacted by the individual states of India, and in many cases only the local laws are applicable.
These enactments are based on the Indian Constitution, as framed in the year 1950, and amended from to time thereafter, whereby the spheres and subject matters of governance by the states and the central government are laid down.
However, the laws are applicable to persons in India as well as people of India, being what may be termed as a citizen of India or a visitor to India, depending on the circumstances. being a person falling under the purview of Indian law entail many things
Sometimes, there are people who have to litigate in foreign countries, and though all the judgments of foreign courts are acknowledged in India, however only certain courts from some foreign countries also known as Reciprocating Territories are enforceable in India, these are the places, where even Indian Judgments are held valid and enforceable.
The Legal Words
The meanings of some common legal words and phrases according to the English law (since primarily the Indian laws are based on the English Law) can be availed here.